http://www.ippl.org/ has received from the Fish and Wildlife Service a spread-sheet showing the number of monkeys imported to the United States in 2008 (this is likely to be adjusted upwards as the DC office receives more information and we shall request a copy as of 31 January).
We greatly appreciate the help of the US Fish and Wildlife Service in providing this preliminary information promptly. A staggering 27,905 monkeys were imported to the United States in 2008, with most of the doomed animals coming from China. Ironically, the species most traded from
China, the crab-eating macaque, is not native to China - but China appears to be vacuuming up the monkeys from its neighbor countries and rapaciously plundering their national treasures. One of the Cambodian dealers operates close to a World Heritage nature reserve (Tonle Sap).
Let IPPL know if you'd like a free copy of the LEMIS spread-sheet or if you have any corrections or additions.
Imports by country in descending number
Saint Kitts and Nevis, 360
80 South Africa
Singapore, Canada, Germany, all less than 10
By Species in descending order (10 or more)
26,499 Crab-eating macaque, Macaca fascicularis
838 Rhesus macaque, Macaca mulatta
390 African green grivets, Cercopithecus aethiops
72 common marmosets Callithrix jacchus
60 squirrel monkeys Saimiri sciureus
15 pygmy marmosets Callithrix Pygmaea
10 capuchins Cebus apella
By port of entry (ports importing over 100)
17,710 Los Angeles, CA
5329 Chicago, IL
3366 New York, NY
835 San Francisco, CA
Exporting firms exporting over 20 primates
(as listed on the spread-sheet) include
2780 HUAZHENG LABORATORY ANIMAL BREEDING CENTRE, China
2640 GUANGDONG SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS AND MATERIALS, China
2269 BIOCULTURE MAURITIUS LTD., Mauritius, China
2040 GUANGXI WEIMEI BIO-TECH CO., LTD, China
1813 HAINAN JINGANG LABORATORY ANIMAL CO, LTD, China
1592 BEIJING PULIYUAN TRADING LTD, China
1340 GUANGXI GRANDFOREST SCIENTIFIC PRIMATE COMPANY LTD. China
1320 ANGKOR PRIMATES CENTER, INC. Cambodia
1320 NOVEPRIM LTD, Mauritius
1179 WING FREIGHT AGENT CO, LTD, China
960 NAFOVANNY, Vietnam
940 FANG CHENG GANG SPRING BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO., China
720 VANNY CHAIN TECHNOLOGY GROUP, Vietnam
720 YUNNAN LABORATORY PRIMATE INC, China
650 BEIJING GRANDFOREST TRADING CO. LTD, China
554 CHINA NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, China
537 BIODIA CO. LTD, Mauritius
480 VANNY BIO RESEARCH CAMBODIA CORPORATION LTD, Cambodia
460 BEIJING ULTIMATE BIOSCI CO, China
415 PT. WANARA SATWALOKA, Indonesia
360 GUANGAU GRAND FOREST SCIENTIC PRIMATE LTD, China
360 LES CAMPECHES LTD.C/ONOVEPRIM LTD. Mauritius
340 THE CONGHUA CITY YUEYUAN ANIMAL BREEDING FARM AT QIGAN TOWN, China
300 SCIENTIFIC PRIMATES FILIPINAS, INC. Philippines
230 PRIMATE RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL, Kenya
226 GAOYAO KANGDA LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE, China
220 BEIJING SUN-RISING TECHNOLOGIES CO LTD, China
220 CONGHUA CITY YUEYUAN ANIMAL BREEDING, China
200 LABSINDO/CVPI, Indonesia
130 ST. KITTS BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH, St. Kitts
120 CV. INQUATEX, Indonesia
120 TAN HOI DONG LTD - TAN DONG HAMPLET, Vietnam
120 TIAN HU CAMBODIA ANIMAL BREEDING RESEARCH CENTER LTD, Cambodia.
72 LOUIS BREYTENBACH LANDSCAPE AND DESIGN, South Africa
68 TROPICAL WILDLIFE, Surinam
30 BARBADOS PRIMATE RESEARCH, Barbados
Here are numbers imported by all US importers of over 16 primates
11360 COVANCE RESEARCH PRODUCTS, INC.
7712 CHARLES RIVER LABORATORIES, BRF
2040 SNBL USA, LTD.
1315 PRIMATE PRODUCTS, INC.
1300 BUCKSHIRE CORPORATION
980 SHARED ENTERPRISES, LTD.
960 HARLAN SPRAGUE DAWLEY, INC.
807 WORLDWIDE PRIMATES
340 RHENOS LLC
300 NEW IBERIA RESEARCH CENTER UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA
258 ALPHA GENESIS, INC.
175 ANIMAL RESOURCES PROGRAM - FRIEDBERG (note: not sure what this is?)
130 THREE SPRINGS SCIENTIFIC, INC.
108 VALLEY BIOSYSTEMS
60 RICERA BIOSCIENCES LLC
16 NOVARTIS PHARMACEUTICALS CORP.
What makes things even worse is that some Big Pharma firms are setting up labs in China, with plans to collect large colonies of monkeys. Reasons for preference for China include no or minimal animal protection laws. Plus there are few if any "pests" like all of us to protest abuses!
Of the 27905 imported primates, a trifling 619 were classified as "Wild caught," 7373 as "Born in captivity (F1+ generations)" and 19913 as "Captive bred." There are strong suspicions that many animals claimed to be "captive-born" were actually wild-caught but proof is hard to come by.
Dr. Shirley McGreal, OBE, Chairwoman
International Primate Protection League
PO Box 766 Summerville, SC 29484, USA
Phone - 843-871-2280, Fax- 843-871-7988
E-mail - firstname.lastname@example.org
Working to Protect All Primates Since 1973