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Animals Killed for Food in the United States in 2000 (millions)

Figures provided by FARM from the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service(NASS)
Animals Slaughter Other* % Total ‘00 Est ‘01 % Increase
‘Broilers’ 8,259.2 532.8 (6%) 8,792 8,967 (2%)
‘Layers’ 165 264.7 (61.6%) 429.7 446 (3.6%)
Turkeys 268 36 (11.8%) 304 308 (2.3%)
Ducks 24.5 1.6 (4.1%) 26.1 28.2 (7.4%)
Birds 8,716.7 835.1 (9.6%) 9551.8 9,749.2 (2.1%)
Cattle/Calves 37.6 4.1 (10.9%) 41.7 40 (-4.3%)
Pigs 98.1 17.1 (17.4%) 115.2 113 (-2.1%)
Sheep 3.5 .8 (22%) 4.3 4 (-7%)
Mammals 139.2 22 (15.8%) 161.2 158.4 (-1.7%)
Animals 8,855.9 857.1 (9.7%) 9,713 9,906 (1.9%)

  1. USDA/ NASS “Poultry Slaughter 2000 Summary,” February 2001.
  2. USDA/ NASS “Livestock Slaughter 2000 Summary,” March 2001.
  3. USDA/ NASS “Hatchery Production 2000 Summary,” April 2001.
  4. USDA/ NASS “Turkey Hatchery,” April 2001.
  5. USDA/ NASS “Meat Animals Production, Disposition, & Income 2000,” April 2001.
  6. USDA/ NASS “Chicken and Eggs,” Monthly Reports, July 2001.
  7. USDA/ NASS “Turkey Hatchery,” Monthly Reports, July 2001.
  8. USDA/ NASS “Poultry Slaughter,” Monthly Reports, August 2001.
  9. USDA/ NASS “Livestock Slaughter,” Monthly Reports, July 2001.

*“Other”- number of individuals who die before slaughter for any reason.

    “Broilers”- “Other” deaths calculated by subtracting number slaughtered from number hatched

    “Layers”- “Other” deaths calculated by subtracting number slaughtered from number hatched. Note the larger number of egg-industry chickens dying before slaughter(264.7M) than at slaughter(165M): 50% of chicks hatched are males and thus discarded upon hatching. Add the males discarded to all the laying hens who die during egg production and you have a figure that's higher than the number of hens who survive for slaughter (and official USDA counting.)

    Turkeys - “Other” deaths calculated by subtracting number slaughtered from number hatched. Since no data exists for the number of turkeys hatched, we determine that figure by taking 81% of the total number of turkey eggs set in incubators for 2000. The hatch rate for turkey and broiler eggs is approximately 81% of eggs set in incubators (from interview with USDA poultry expert.)

    Pigs - “Other” deaths determined by adding number of deaths after weaning (6.8 million) to number of deaths before weaning (10.3 million). 6.85 + (.093 x 100.85 / .9076 = 10.3)

In addition, 14,307,000 pounds of "other poultry" were slaughtered, including ostriches, emus, geese, pigeons, rabbits, and other miscellaneous categories of birds.

The worldwide number of animals killed for food in 2000 was 45 billion, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. This included 306 million cattle, buffalo, and calves, 1.2 billion pigs, 795 million sheep and goats, and 42.7 billion chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese. The figures exclude some small countries and 'non-slaughter' deaths, which are generally not reported.

These Figures Do Not Include Fish.

 United Poultry Concerns, Inc.
PO Box 150
Machipongo, VA 23405-0150
757-678-7875
FAX: 757-678-5070
http://www.upc-online.org/

(Animals Killed for Food in the United States in 2000 (millions))