by Evlin Lake on
Wednesday, January 12, 2011 at 10:32am
"It's not the government of the United States who fought to free the
slaves. The abolitionists did.
It's not the government of the United
States who fought to give women the right to vote. The suffragists did.
It's not the government of the United States who fought for the environment.
The environmentalists did.
And it's NOT the government of the United
States who are fighting for the protection of animals. Animal activists are.
Considering the biggest movements in the governments history of this
count, their record is a poor one." -Shaun Monson
with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they
shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their
constitutional right of amending it, or exercise their revolutionary right
to overthrow it." -Abraham Lincoln
"Never doubt that a small group
of thoughtful, committed people can change the world. Indeed, it is the only
thing that ever has." - Margaret Mead.
"The media is at fault for
harming perceptions. Taking action is not something to be condemned,
ridiculed or belittled. It is of more benefit to educate about why someone
has acted to effect change rather than to side with the enemy and condemn
it." -Keith Mann
"I am in favor of animal rights as well as human
rights. That is the way of a whole human being." -Abraham Lincoln
"Now I can look at you in peace; I don't eat you any more." -Franz Kafka
Vivisection means the 'cutting up' of living animals, but has now become
more generally used as the term for all experiments on living animals as
many animal experiments, such as poisoning tests, will not involve surgical
procedures. It is estimated that over 100 million animals suffer every year
in laboratory experiments world-wide. Animals bred for research that are
subsequently killed as 'surplus' are not included in these numbers.
There has been a huge increase in the number of animals - particularly mice
and rats - used in genetic engineering experiments and this is predicted to
continue to increase in the future.
WHAT ANIMALS ARE USED IN
A wide variety of animals are used for experimentation.
Rats and mice are used in a large proportion of experiments, because they
are easy to handle and cheap to keep. They occupy less space in a laboratory
than larger animals and can produce 50 - 100 babies a year.
are commonly used for eye and skin tests because they are easy to handle and
they have a very limited ability to 'cry away' substances from their eyes
Guinea pigs are also commonly used in skin
testing and batch testing for substances such as vaccines. Dogs and primates
are commonly used in toxicity testing, brain research, dental research and
surgical experiments. The most common breed of laboratory dog is the beagle,
chosen primarily because they are good-natured and a manageable size for
Primates such as baboons, macaques, marmosets and
chimps continue to be used in their thousands.
Other animals commonly
used for research include cats, birds, fish, pigs, horses, sheep and
hamsters, but many other species are used as well.
used in many different types of experiments; all experiments cause pain and
suffering. The animals involved will either die as a result of the
experiment or be deliberately killed afterwards, often for post mortem
In the laboratory an animal may be poisoned;
deprived of food, water or sleep; applied with skin and eye irritants;
subjected to psychological stress; deliberately infected with disease; brain
damaged; paralysed; surgically mutilated; irradiated; burned; gassed; force
fed and electrocuted. Researchers around the world use animals to test or
develop almost anything from household products, cosmetics and food
additives to pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals, agrochemicals, pet
foods, medical devices and tobacco and alcohol products.
engineering experiments subject animals to myriad forms of physical
deformity as well as more subtle forms of suffering.
experiments subject animals to the effects of poisonous gas, decompression
sickness, blast wounds, burns and radiation as they assess new and existing
weapons and surgical techniques 'in the field'. Animals are even used in
'curiosity driven' research. In fact, almost all of the products used and
consumed by humans every day around the world, will have been tested on
animals at some point in time.