Practical Issues > Things to do > Religion and Animals
Speciesism and Veganism: Transcending Politics and Religion
by Angel Flinn November 20, 2011
Although this may come as a surprise to some, there are ethical vegans across the political spectrum and in every major religion. Veganism transcends politics and religion because it is based on the simple matter of rejecting a particular form of prejudice: speciesism.
Speciesism, racism, sexism, and other prejudices rely on a morally irrelevant criterion (in this case, species) as the basis on which to deny the interests of an individual belonging to a different 'group', even if those interests are more significant than one's own. As such, speciesism is simply a different form of the same underlying wrong at the foundation of all prejudices. It really doesn't matter which morally irrelevant criteria we base our prejudice on -- sex, race, skin color, age, sexual orientation, species -- it is ethically wrong to use such arbitrary criteria to deny the rights of others.
Despite the cultural evolution that has brought humanity a long way from the 'kill or be killed' mentality of prehistoric times, the world today remains profoundly speciesist. The extreme prejudice of our cultural speciesism reaches far beyond disregarding an individual's right to avoid persecution. It extends as far as absolute indifference to the right to be free from unjust imprisonment, mental and emotional torment, extreme physical violence in the form of mutilations and the infliction of injury and death. Owned as chattel property, with no laws to protect their most fundamental rights, those who are not human are condemned to a life with no protection against the brutal and unremitting oppression from those who control their world: Us.
Animal exploitation is perfectly legal and socially acceptable everywhere in the world, despite the emergence of satisfactory alternatives to virtually all uses (not to mention those yet to be developed, once our society rejects our current speciesist practices). Although there is a growing movement drawing attention to the many brutal rights violations routinely carried out against nonhumans being used for human gain, we continue to confine, injure and kill animals of all kinds, maintaining unnecessary, antiquated exploitative practices for food production, research, fashion, and even entertainment.
The ubiquitous nature of this extreme cultural prejudice explains why speciesism (and the proper moral response to it: veganism) is unrelated to political leaning. Although social justice movements generally arise from the left, there are some political conservatives who are principled vegans, while some on the political left, sadly, continue to scoff at issues of animal rights. In fact, it is remarkable that the vast majority of those on the political left choose to remain uninformed and to deliberately ignore these glaring justice issues, including their own participation in practices that would be rightly abhorred by anyone in touch with their conscience.
As it is with politics, so it is with religion. Christians were
strongly divided over human chattel slavery in antebellum America,
with slavery proponents using Bible quotes to defend their "God
given" right to own slaves. Opponents of slavery used different
Bible quotes to point out that slavery was condemned by God. And so
it is with regard to animal rights today. Those on both sides of the
issue use quotes from religious texts either to justify unnecessary
killing, or to validate the vegan ethic of nonviolence.