The Diary of Michelle Rokke -|
the cruelty witnessed
The following examples of cruelty and abuse are
taken from the diaries of Michele Rokke, who was told on her first day
of work at the New Jersey premises of Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS)
that 'no animal ever leaves here [HLS] alive'.
(i)When there is reference to animals being 'sacrificed', this refers to
the animal(s) being killed.
(ii)'Obbed', 'Obbing' or 'Ob' which frequently occur in the diary refer to
'Observed', 'Observing' or 'Observe'.
9/22/96 Sunday HLS
In room 906, Colgate Palmolive study 95-3278, I
told Dilip two of the females have ear- tags that
have the numbers chewed off. He showed me their
USDA numbers are on a chart on the clipboard in
each room. He told me to check the tattoo in the
dog's ear and match it with the chart. The dog we
were checking, number 1555 was all wriggly and
excited about being out on the floor with two
people looking at her and was jumping all around.
Dilip hit her in the face and checked the
9/25/95 Wednesday HLS
Irene and Brian were each drawing blood from dogs
in the hall. I watched Irene stick the needle in
the dog's neck and jab and fish around repeatedly -
sticking the dog about eight times. She withdrew
the needle and repeated the procedure. After five
more jabs she asked Brian if he wanted to switch
dogs. Brian was having the same problem with the
dog he was trying to draw blood from.
9/26/96 Thursday HLS
In room 916 - study 3309, the dogs are very hyper.
They act like they've never been out of the cage
before. Their nails are very long and need to be
In room 917 dog #1034's ear is infected where the
ear-tag was put on. It's oozing green pus and blood
and is covered with big scabs that partially
obscure the ear-tag. Dog #1062 is emaciated. His
ribs are clearly visible as is his backbone.
In the computer room, Bob from Rodent toxicology
was telling Kevin about the rats in his study. Bob
said most of the rats can no longer use their back
legs because the test material makes their blood so
thick it doesn't reach the extremities. He said
they lose use of their back legs, then they urinate
blood and then they die. Their kidneys shut down as
they cannot handle it.
Kevin said he was told that the blood would start
to collect in the joints because it was thick and
it would probably cause a lot of dislocations.
Kevin said they called Terry, the vet, to look at
one of the dogs in 3318 after dosing. He was lying
with his head up against his food bowl on his back
gasping for air. They requested euthanasia and
Terry adamantly said no she had one like that
before that recovered. Kevin questioned if it had
been THIS bad. The dog was left in that condition.
Bob asked if he was pissing blood yet - that's what
happens to all of theirs right before they die.
In room 921 dog number 3693 caught her ear tag on
the feeder. I heard her crying and screaming. When
I got to her cage I saw part of her ear-tag was
caught in the shelf that holds the food bowl.
Kathy asked me to help her capture an escaped
primate in room 956. She said she had tried to
catch him and had gotten very frustrated so she
thought she better ask for help before she hurt him
[on purpose]. I held a squeegee to keep him from
running away and Kathy slipped the catchpole around
his waist. I was surprised when she cinched it up
tight - I thought she would cut him clean through
with the pressure. The primate was so afraid he
She walked him to his cage with that around his
waist and as he entered the cage he grabbed hold of
the bars and wouldn't let go. She pulled and yanked
on the catchpole.
10/2/96 Wednesday HLS
The cages are supposed to be changed every two
weeks. The cages in room 917 are very dirty. There
is a heavy slimy brown coating on a lot of the
doors and throughout each cage (on the walls etc.)
Since these dogs are not actively in a study they
receive substandard ministration and care.
Henry and I cleaned part of 904 together as I was
hosing cages I saw him pick a dog up off the floor
by his front leg and toss him in a cage. Henry took
one of three beagles out of the exercise cage and
when he tried to close the cage door one of the
dogs tried to get out. He repeatedly slammed the
cage door on the dog's head (a total of four slams)
before finally getting the door closed.
Perhaps one time could be considered an accident
but I watched him deliberately slam the door over
and over again as if he were trying to teach the
dog a lesson about rushing out of the cage.
10/3/96 Thursday HLS
In room 906, study 3278 the Colgate study, dog
number 2554 is very thin and unkempt looking. She's
very wild and hyper when she's being taken from her
cage. Today I saw one of the nails on her hind foot
was bleeding from the base of the nail. Her nails
are very long and need to be trimmed.
10/5/96 Saturday HLS
In room 453, study 3321, the three pigs who were
bled all squealed and hollered violently throughout
the procedure. Kevin feigned jabbing the uncapped
used syringe within inches of one pig's face
because he was being so vocal and Kevin was in a
bad mood. In room 455 the pigs were calmer and
scrambled back into their cages themselves as soon
as they were released.
All three pigs in this room had bruised and swollen
necks from having blood drawn. Before each stick
Kevin would say 'eany meany mini mo ...' (one side
looked just as bad as the other).
Dog number 1193M had blood all over his cage when I
went in to clean. He was splattered with blood and
the walls were smeared and streaked with it. The
end of his tail is raw and sore. About a quarter
inch of the tail is bare and raw.
10/6/96 Sunday HLS
Kevin went into room 455 with Dilip to collect
blood samples from the pigs.
Normally there are four people to collect blood,
three to hold and one to bleed. I wondered how they
would manage it with just the two of them. I heard
a lot of clanging around and squealing and when I
looked through the window I saw Dilip holding the
pig and Kevin collecting the blood. Kevin came out
of the room to get a new syringe and vial.
When they got the next pig out I heard a lot of
squealing and banging around, it continued for some
time. I heard Kevin swearing and then he came out
of the room and asked if I could help them with
this pig. He told me to put the dog I was holding
on the floor and I think he got a new syringe.
After the blood was drawn and the pig was in his
cage, Dilip noticed he [the pig] was bleeding from
his side. He gasped and said it was very bad.
He applied pressure to it and when Kevin re-entered
to bleed the next pig Dilip told him about the
injury. Kevin didn't blink an eye and said it was
because the pig flipped over onto the needle when
he was struggling.
I held the dogs from groups three and four from
study 3316, rooms 454 and 456, while Kathy dosed
them. Dilip held groups one and two while Kevin
dosed them. The dogs are being dosed with test
material 'alt946', the method is oral gavage (a
tube is forced into the animal's stomach via the
mouth and a substance is forced in with a syringe),
the sponsor is Alteon, and the study is listed as
'Alteon 1 mo dog gavage.'
Kathy had me bring the dogs to her in the hallway
and place them on a three-tiered rolling cart. She
asked if I had done this before. I said no and she
showed me how to grasp the dog?s throat area
placing my thumb and forefinger on either side of
his oesophagus. She told me I had to apply pressure
so I could feel if the tube went down the right
way. She told me I had to let her know if I could
feel the tube or not.
If I couldn't feel it the tube it went in the lungs
and not the stomach. She shoved the tubes down the
dogs' throats quickly and forced the amber-
coloured test liquid in quickly. One of the two
females in group three from room 454 has a lump in
her throat I could feel distinctly before the tube
went down. When Kathy put the tube in I could feel
it go as far as the lump and then stop.
She kept jamming the tube down, ramming it against
the lump in the dog's throat. I told her it was
hitting a lump and that's why it wasn't going down.
Kathy kept forcing it and finally it went in. When
it did, the dog yelped in pain. Kathy mimicked the
dog's cry and told me to get the next dog. Kathy
made several comments about Kevin dosing faster and
turned it into a big joke, who could get it done
faster. Several of the dogs gagged and coughed as I
carried them back to their cages.
10/16/96 Wednesday HLS
Everyday I work, someone comments on how cute these
puppies are in study 3325. Stephanie and Lynn have
both said, 'It's hard to get anything else done,
they're so cute I just want to play with them all
the time.' I never know what to say in response to
this because usually the other things they have to
get done involve causing pain to other dogs, whom,
apparently they consider less cute.
In study 96-3322, Nick and Kevin were bleeding dogs
in the hallway outside of room 920 when I went into
clean. I asked if I could go in to clean and Kevin
told me I could do anything I wanted to in that
room. I could clean, I could shoot them, I could do
what ever I wanted. I asked if the dogs had given
them a hard time with what they had to do. Nick
said they had been very bad and Kevin agreed.
He said they had tried to bite them. Then Nick said
if I go in and see any dogs walking funny and not
able to hold their heads up not to worry - it was
because Kevin had to hold them down and keep them
in line. Kevin said he had to clothesline one of
them at one point. I went in to clean and the first
dog I picked up was 1264, a female extra.
She is extremely thin and when I opened the cage
door she had to drag herself to the door. When I
picked her up and put her in the exercise cage she
didn't move at all and her back-end collapsed under
her. I put in the other female extra and 1264 just
huddled in the corner and didn't play. The other
female extra seemed very quiet, too, but not as
much as 1264. I went and told Kevin. When he saw me
he said, 'A dog's bleeding all over right?' I said
'No, but 1264 is having trouble walking.'
He came into the room. While he held the other
extra, he tossed 1264 into the back corner of the
cage several times. Each time she hobbled forward
toward the open door. He said she was fine and left
the room. I put the dog on the floor to walk and
she could not walk normally.
When I went into the surgery suite, Yao and Irene
were getting ready to intubate number 1013. Irene
told me they usually use Penathol but it was very
expensive and these were just practice surgeries so
they used the cocktail mixture. They had the
beagle's head in an anaesthesia mask when I entered
I was told the cocktail hadn't relaxed him enough.
Jennifer and Mahsa had already started practicing
on 1067. Jennifer cut into the artery and blood
sprayed all over her face. Al, the supervisor,
immediately tried to sponge off Jennifer's face -
she said loudly 'Don't worry about me! Attend to
the dog - do I have the vessel clamped off or not?'
After Jennifer had the catheter in the vein, she
pushed a long metal tube, called a trocar, up under
the dog's skin starting from the incision she had
made on her inner leg along her side and eventually
forced it out through a small cut she had made near
her shoulder. As she was doing this, the dog
started coughing and gagging and Jennifer yelled,
'She's waking up.'
Al held the dog's mouth shut around the tube and
turned the gas up. It took several minutes for 1067
to reach a surgical level of anaesthesia again and,
in fact, I'm not sure if she ever did. I was told
the dog's CO2 rate shown on the monitor should be
between 40 and 50 and the heart rate should be
around 10-15. When they're awake, Irene said the
heart rate's around 50. When I looked at the
monitor when 1067 woke up it was in the 40's and
her CO2 rate was between 10 and 20.
Throughout the rest of the surgery her CO2 level
stayed in the 30's and her heart rate stayed in the
20's. When Irene pushed the metal tube under the
skin of the male dog his CO2 rate dropped
dramatically from 43 to the teens and his heart
rate shot up from 14 to the 30's. I pointed it out
to Irene who called for Al. He re-inflated the cuff
on the tube and turned the flow of anaesthesia
It took several minutes to ascertain whether there
was a leak in the system or what. Al eventually
decided Yao had not inflated the cuff enough. He
showed me how to check the dog's jaw for tension
and the capillary refill response to see of they
were out or not. I thought the dog's jaw had some
tension in it and he was twitching periodically. Al
said it was all right, that he was deep enough for
what they were doing today but wouldn't be if they
were doing a more invasive procedure. I noticed
both dogs woke up when the metal tube was rammed up
under their skin.
10/17/96 Thursday HLS
I saw a necropsy being done in the room across from
906. When I looked through the door I saw a beagle
soaked in blood partially skinned. A man was using
a circular saw or drill to cut through the dog's
skull. The skin on the dog's face and head was
completely peeled off.
10/24/96 Thursday HLS
Brian told me about a former employee who was
always high at work. He took a rat rack to cage
washing, ready to be run through the automatic cage
washer. Marilyn wheeled it down to Terry's office
to show her - the rack still had rats on one side
of it. He said it happens sometimes, and rats
aren't too pretty after they've been run through
the cage washer.
I cleaned room 918. I went to transfer the first
group four dogs to the exercise cage and noticed
she was twitching. She seemed disoriented and acted
as if she couldn't see. Every few seconds her head
would jerk violently to the side. I put her in the
exercise cage alone and went to tell Walter (the
other large animal supervisor). He looked at her
and said 'It wasn't' good.'
In the exercise cage she was 'paddling' her feet
and walking into the cage door as if it weren't
there or she couldn't tell her feet to stop
walking. She continued to twitch and jerk. When I
tried to look at her she pulled and jerked away.
Walt said later we would fill out a vet request but
the problem was he didn't think she (the vet) was
here today. He said it wasn't good.
I put her back in her cage and she twitched and
seized for about 20 more minutes. When I put her in
her cage her front feet went underneath her and she
fell on her face.
10/27/96 Sunday HLS
2700 has sores on her nose. I pointed it out to
Lynn when I obbed. She told me not to record it
because they're scabbing over. She thinks they
happen when 'they slam the cage door on their heads
instead of taking the time to push them in before
closing the door.'
3701M has sores on his head, 4701M has a sore on
his tail that looks exactly like the one 1193M in
921 has on his tail. It's bleeding enough to turn
the end of his tail red and the tip of it is raw
and jagged. There are no clearly defined borders as
if it were a cut. Lynn said it may have gotten
caught in the door.
11/7/96 Thursday HLS
Held dogs from 3322 (Ligand Pharm. -rooms 920 and
921) for ECG's. Lynn ran the blood pressure machine
and Lisa operated the ECG machine. Gene told me the
company pays to have them taken but they may not
ever have them read and analysed.
The dogs are brought to a room that is supposed to
be somewhat quiet and held down on their right side
on top of a rolling cart. If they struggle, the
technicians edge them closer to the edge of the
cart so their legs and part of their bodies are
hanging off - I guess fear of falling keeps them
from further struggling. If they do continue to
struggle at this point, they do fall.
It was my job to hold the dogs' legs apart and off
the cart. One dog continued to struggle causing the
cart to roll away, leaving the dog suspended by his
legs in my hands. Metal alligator, that are often
rusty, are pinched onto the skin oil each leg, two
on the chest and one on the dog's back.
The dogs definitely feel the pinch of the clips.
Lisa told me she'd like to develop a plastic clip
that wouldn't hurt them so much. The clips are
tight enough to leave marks on the skin. If the
clip won't stay on, they shave the hair in that
I've seen some of dogs have bald patches after
ECG's that are nowhere near where the clips should
be placed. I saw one of the rodent tox people
tattooing mice for study 2478, the Colgate study.
The mice are placed under a little glass jar hooked
to C02 and their tails are stretched out outside
the jar. The person tattooing holds the base of the
tail down and starts tattooing.
I only watched a couple of mice being tattooed and
saw them each squirming and nailing in the jar
trying to get away. They were each very still in
the jar before the tattooing started, but once the
tattoo needle connected with their flesh, they went
crazy, obviously feeling pain.
I watched Yao do a practice surgery on a rat from
the extra colony. The rat was anaesthetized with
isoflurane gas. Yao put femoral catheters in both
sides of the rat and when he was though he said he
had to euthanize it and there were a couple of ways
to do it - Co2, dislocate the vertebrae, or sever
an artery. He looked at the clock and said vertebra
dislocation was quickest and he took the rat's nose
from the anaesthesia cone and pulled up on her
head, tugging it away from the rest of her
He said she was still breathing so he did it again.
He tried a third time and still she was taking deep
breaths. He said he would try another way - one
that would surely work. He went into the prep area
and came back with a large scissors. He cut open
the little rat's stomach and snipped her backbone.
Then he jammed the scissors up into the thoracic
cavity and snipped randomly severing her aorta. He
put down the bloody scissors and said she was dead
11/9/96 Saturday HLS
The portable exercise cages are particularly
dangerous because you can't secure one dog in half
of the cage and safely transport them one at a
time. When the door opens both dogs are right at
the edge and you have to move quickly to grab one
and shut the door before the other one jumps.
I think a lot of the mysterious limps recorded are
from cage trauma, either jumping or being dragged
from the cage when a leg is trapped in a broken
spot, or having the door slammed on a leg. The last
male in the high dosage red group has blood on his
tail again from chewing on it. When I looked, I saw
the end of his tail is raw and bleeding.
11/13/96 Wednesday HLS
They dosed the dog while he was still in his cage.
On the schedule they're listed as 'hot dogs'
because of the radioactive material. The room is
partially covered with coloured plastic. The carts
they use in the hall way are covered in plastic.
Because of the radioactive material, the room is a
'dry clean' room - it can't be cleaned with
The pans under the dog's cage are scooped and wiped
out each day. The smell in the room is horrible.
The air is so thick with the smell of faeces, any
time the door opens, it can be smelled all down the
hall. The technicians refer to it as the 'stinky
It's a very small room, barely holding the four
racks of cages. There are between four-eight dogs
on study. They are really miserable and bark
frantically if they see anyone through the window.
Part of their cage is obstructed by a metal plate,
so they can only see out if they stand up and look
11/14/96 Thursday HLS
Held dogs for blood in 3323. The dogs had pre-dose
bloods taken, then they were dosed via oral gavage.
Jennifer and Lynn were dosing and I heard them baby
talk and 'good boy' them to get them to
The scared, attention starved dogs wag their tails
shyly and are anxious to please but when the dosing
begins, their tails stop wagging, they struggle and
cry. It made me sick to watch this emotional
blackmail to get the dogs to submit.
The dogs had blood samples drawn at 15 minutes post
dose, 30 minutes post dose, and 60 minutes post
dose. The blood is taken from their necks.
By the time I started holding, the dogs had two
samples taken and had been jabbed countless times.
Several of them would cry as soon as the tech
started pressing on their necks to find the vein.
Some of them screamed uncontrollably, and we had to
stop trying on some of them and wait for them to
calm down. The human analogy for these episodes
would be hysterics.
In between being grabbed from and shoved back in
their cages and being jabbed and re-jabbed with
needles, Lynn and Jennifer were shoving the dosing
tubes down their throats. It was crazy and
A woman came into the tech room to find out why
there were no ECG or blood pressure readings for
male primate, number 6631, in study 3221. Kathy
said, 'Because, he's very big and has big fangs and
[the study director] said it was ok to skip him
this month because last time we dislocated his
wrist.' The woman (who works upstairs in the
offices) said, 'Man, you guys are tough!' Kathy
shrugged and laughed and said, 'He did it
11/14/96 Thursday HLS
Lynn told a story about him [Kevin] finding out
some thing right before they went to bleed dogs and
she said 'Oh great! I have to go bleed dogs with
him now and he'll probably throw the poor dogs
against the wall.'
11/17/96 Sunday HLS
Kathy said this monkey had dropped dead right after
dosing and another monkey in the study wasn't doing
well. She said she hadn't killed anything (via
improper dosing) for five years and didn't want to
ruin her record.
She said, '[she] got suspended once for 3 days
because she was holding off vein on a little
monkey's leg and the monkey went one way and she
still had the leg pointing straight up. Whoops! So,
[she] had kind of killed that one because they had
to euthanase it.' She told me suspension wasn't bad
- she got to take a day here and a day there. She
got off for her sister's graduation, took a Friday
I asked what she would do with the time off this
time and she said '[she] wouldn't get anything for
this because it was accidental - the other thing
was cruelty.' [Brian Crane told me later she should
have been fired for that. The real story was that
they were all in a room bleeding, Kathy had a
monkey's leg held off and she was screwing around
and did a little pirouette with it - holding the
monkey's leg in one hand and spinning under it like
they were dancing.
He said they all heard the bone snap and knew right
away what had happened. She had broken the
primate's leg. When he said she should have been
fired Irene agreed with him.]
I helped set up for surgery. At the pre-surgery
meeting Gene said he would put one dog 'under'
[anaesthesia] using just propofil on a syringe
pump. Later, Brian told me Gene had really had to
fight Terry, the vet, to get approval to try this
anaesthetic. He said she definitely DID NOT want
Gene to use it.
They sent me to get the first dog from the extra
colony, dog number 11?? When I got her from her
cage at about 10:00, I saw her food bowl was about
one-third full. Brian, Jennifer, Yao and Gene were
all in the prep room when I brought the dog in. I
asked if the dogs should have been fasted prior to
surgery and told them they had all been fed
Everyone just looked at each other until, finally,
Gene said yes and looked at Jennifer, whom he had
put in charge of prepping things for surgery. She
said she thought we would start earlier and that
the dogs are not fed until the afternoon so she
didn't let anyone know to fast them. (the way the
schedule's been lately, the extra colony is, to my
knowledge, always obbed, fed and cleaned in the
morning.) Gene said it would be all right we would
just have to watch them closely in recovery and he
motioned for the dog to be brought in.
Jennifer had trouble putting a catheter into the
vein of dog number (the first dog), This is put in
to administer the 'cocktail', prior to the
isoflurane. Gene examined the tip of the catheter
after she tried to get it in and told her she bent
the tip on the dog's skin.
He told her she should make a little cut in the
surface of the skin first, to make getting the
needle in easier. Jennifer's expression was of
disbelief. She said she didn't want to do that.
Gene said he knew she didn't want to, but she
should try it and see how much easier it made
Jennifer finally got the catheter in, without
slicing open the dog's skin, as Gene had suggested
she do. She administered about half of the dose.
The dog was still sitting upright so she injected
the rest of the dose, then the dog was hooked up to
the portable anaesthesia machine.
Gene told me the dog was just hooked up to oxygen.
When Yao was shaving the dog, Gene asked him how
the dog was doing and then said the dog wasn't
breathing. Yao continued to prep the dog. Gene
expressed concern over the situation several times
and pumped the air bag into the dog three times. It
took Yao and I several minutes to shave and scrub
Jennifer came in and upon hearing Gene express his
concern over the dog not breathing, said, 'Just
turn the isoflurane down. It's up to three.' Gene
didn't know the dog was hooked up to gas and
exclaimed over why that was. Jennifer told him we
always do it that way, keep them on gas until
they're brought into the surgical suite. Gene
didn't think it was necessary, the cocktail should
be enough for prepping.
Another dog was hooked up to isoflurane in the
surgical suite, her legs tied and Jennifer made the
incision for the catheter. Brian and Gene were
adjusting the gas flow when the dog started taking
deep breaths and moving around on the table.
Jennifer had to lie on her to keep her still. Both
Brian and Gene were fiddling with dials and
exchanging information on the way they were used to
doing things while the dog, with a one inch cut
through her skin and muscle struggled on the
Finally, Jennifer said 'The heck with sterility!'
and turned a dial on the machine and squeezed the
bag into the dog's lungs. The dog, mercifully,
quieted down almost immediately. While Jennifer was
doing this, Gene was yelling, 'Wait! Wait! Do you
know what you're doing? What are you doing?'
Jennifer said she always did that. They had a
disagreement over what she had done.
Obviously what Gene was doing was not getting the
dog back under and what Jennifer did, did put the
dog back under. She re- scrubbed and within a few
minutes the dog wasn't breathing and her colour was
poor. After several more minutes of adjustment, and
fiddling, and conversation, Gene re-intubated the
dog and upon checking the tube that was in her
trachea originally, found that only half of the
cuff was inflated. Jennifer said she had checked
them all prior to surgery. This may be true, but,
clearly, half of the cuff was not inflated.
Jennifer finished implanting the catheter. This dog
cried and howled as she woke up and her
vocalizations continued long after she was placed
in the cold metal cage. I worried about the dogs'
well being, when I saw they were placed directly on
the cold metal floor grate of the cage immediately
after they were extubated, still groggy from the
I've read and been told by veterinarians that it's
imperative the patient be kept warm until fully
recovered from anaesthetic. The next dog operated
on when through the same stormy recovery period,
howling and crying.
The third dog, a female was brought in. Jennifer
looked at her and said, 'Oh, I like this dog, she
always likes to have her tummy rubbed. She's so
sweet.' I held the dog so Gene could catheterise
her for the anaesthetic. He announced he would show
us his technique. He dug into her skin with the
needle, cutting through her skin until she
The dog cried and tried desperately to get away. I
couldn't hold her still, she was struggling so
much. Jennifer ended up holding her while Yao and
Brian and I all helped. At one point, as Jennifer
held the dog in midair (she had jumped, and
Jennifer just had to go with her) and Yao and Brian
tried to hold different parts of her still, and
Gene was following them, catheter poking and
jabbing at the bleeding dog, Brian rolled his eyes
and said 'I can hear the circus music
The dog was deeply anaesthetised and she took a
long time to wake up. Gene said she was much, much
deeper than necessary.
While waiting for her to wake up, Gene pulled hard
on her whiskers. Getting no response, he snapped
his fingers loudly next to ear several times. As he
was doing that, Brian pinched her toes hard and she
straightened her leg. Still she wasn't getting up,
so they continued pulling and tugging at her. Gene
periodically pulled at her whiskers and clapped his
hands right next to her ear.
In fact, he did this so often he looked like a
senile old man, repeating the same task over and
over again because he forgot he had just done it.
The clapping was so loud and the pulling and
pinching so extreme, I winced each time they tried
getting a response from her.
Brian told stories about previous studies. One was
a study that a European company ran for a product
that was already on the market over there. He said
the test material made the dogs' mammary glands and
prostates get swollen, hard and blue. The dogs also
lost a lot of hair.
He said it was just horrible, after dosing he went
into ob and one of the dogs was standing up one
minute and fell over dead the next. The test
material raised their body temperatures really
high. The company claimed it was U.S. dogs and not
the test material, so one night Brian and someone
else waited until around midnight for dogs to come
in from the Netherlands. Gene talked about the
syringe pump anaesthetic causing hallucinogenic
I asked Al if the dogs get analgesics. He said 'No,
not unless the vet recommends it and in this type
of surgery it wasn't necessary.' Motioning to the
dogs shivering and howling on the cage floor, he
said, 'What you're seeing is just the recovery
stage.' The dogs cried and whined in the cold cages
still out from the anaesthesia - awake, but not
able to stand yet.
I told him with the exception of one cat, I had
never seen an animal have this difficult of a time
recovering from surgery at the vet's office - that
they never vocalize and cry like this. Al just
shrugged and didn't say anymore about it.
Brian laughed about Jennifer's first dog having
brain damage after not breathing for so long.
12/7/96 Saturday HLS
In 93-3093, monkey #6899 was trapped in front of
the false back of the cage and had no access to
12/8/96 Sunday HLS
In room 957, James was curious and friendly as
always. A couple of the monkeys will take a treat
from my hand but most of them won't come near the
front of the cage when I'm near them. All of the
monkeys are so sad.
They live isolated in tiny cages without any
companionship or mental stimulation. I think the
reason James hangs on the front of his cage is
because he's 1onely and afraid. He doesn't belong
in this cage in this laboratory and he knows
Helped hold monkeys for pre-test bloods in 3334.
The monkeys are forced to the front of the squeeze
cage and trapped there by the false back. The
technicians poke and pull whatever part of the
animal they can reach without being bitten, banging
and slamming the cage, until eventually a leg is
pulled out of the cage.
Preferably, the leg is pulled through the feedhole
but not always. Brian bled one monkey as she hung
in midair on the cage door, saying, 'We take what
we can get.'
As usual with blood samples, the technicians fish
around inside the animal's leg until they find a
vein. Stephanie and Rachel tried countless times on
each monkey they bled. Both complaining about not
being able to find the vein. Irene and Brian had
better luck and obtained their samples a little
easier but several times I heard Brian call the
monkey he was bleeding 'bitch' if she moved at
The edges of the feedhole are rough and jagged and
all of the monkeys had deep red marks, cuts and
scratches on their thighs and stomachs from being
forced through and held tightly against the rough
metal. As I held the small legs in my hand I saw
the fingerprints on the monkeys' hands and feet.
Dilip told me each monkey has his or her own set of
prints just like a human. No two are alike.
12/12/96 Thursday HLS
I held the pigs for bloods until 4:30 then went
back at 9:00 for the last session. The pigs scream
and kick violently when bled, especially today
because their necks were so sore and bruised from
the continual bloods. When pressure is applied to
stop the bleeding afterwards, they scream so loudly
I could hardly stand it. Technicians in the room
would groan and yell 'Shut-Up' at the pig..
I can't imagine how sore they must have been after
being thrown on their backs and bled so many times.
The pigs who leave their cages gladly for cleaning
were not given the chance to jump out today. They
were dragged out.
At the night bleeding, the pigs were all sleeping
and had to be dragged from their cages. They were
so exhausted and reluctant to be bled again they
didn't even stand up when the cage door was
At the night bleeding, only Kevin, Dilip and I were
there to bleed the first pig. Kevin walked in to
get the pig from his cage for the sample. He
grabbed a leg and threw the pig out of his cage -
not pausing for a second after opening the cage
door before grabbing the sleeping pig.
The pig landed on his face and didn't have time to
get up before Kevin threw him in the trough for
bleeding. I asked him sarcastically if it had been
a long day, he didn't answer - but that was ok
because I had been referring to the pigs when I
12/15/96 Sunday HLS
I cleaned 3274. The dogs get so sick from the test
material and vomit so often, sometimes I don't even
notice it until I realize it's not rinsing off the
cage floor as I clean.
12/19/96 Thursday HLS
Three of the dogs I held cried excessively when
Kevin tried to get blood. They whimpered and
screamed and eventually even involuntarily snapped
because of the pain. When he finally repositioned
the needle they quieted down slightly.
Several times Kevin had to fish around inside the
dog to find the vein. This is common in all of the
bloods I've held for. The technicians insert the
needle and hope for the best. If they don't get
blood they slide the needle in and out, back and
forth until they hit a vein.
One of the dogs was so terrified and struggled so
much I couldn't begin to hold him. Kevin called
Dilip from the room he was cleaning to hold him.
Kevin told him 'Dilip! I want you to break this
dog!' They got the sample they wanted...
12/21/96 Saturday HLS
The dogs from 3328 were sac'ed today. They had to
be brought over from I-wing to the necropsy room.
James loaded four to eight dogs in an exercise cage
and pulled them over to the main building. The
puppies waited in the hall with the dumpster full
or bloody garbage bags containing already dead dogs
right next to them.
The table where the euthanasia is done was directly
across from them. The smell or formaldehyde was
heavy in the air and by the end of the day, there
was blood all over the hallway.In room 957, my
friendly little monkey who hangs on the cage door,
lets me stroke his hand and drinks water droplets
gently from the hose now paces nervously in his
I wasn't even able to snap a picture of him because
he was pacing so much. I couldn't figure out what
would change his personality so much in just a few
days. Later, I saw on the behaviour chart he had
been acclimated to the nasal-gastric tube the day
before. Where before I saw sad loneliness, now I
see fear bordering on hysteria. A realization that
what was a bad situation for this gentle little
monkey has now become his worst nightmare.
12/22/96 Sunday HLS
Today I had to say goodbye to all the dogs in study
3274. They will be killed this week - some of them
on Christmas Eve.
I'm trying to think of something remarkable I could
write about them one last time. But, there's
nothing too remarkable about being locked in a
two-foot cage for one full year - getting lonelier
and crazier and sicker as the days drag by.
I'm telling myself I'm glad for them. Glad they
finally get the release death will bring. What I
really think is it's just not right. Not right they
will die without ever being loved.
Irene, Cesair, Lynn and I acclimated the primates
in 3314 to the ECG board. They really struggle and
panic at being strapped down. This is so stressful
on the primates I find it hard to believe any of
the data is usable.
The primates are so afraid they jump wildly around
the cage when the technician tries to catch them.
They're trapped at the front of the cage by the
false-back and the technicians bang on the cage,
holler and curse at them until the primate ends up
putting some part of their body against the front
of the cage.
The techs grab whatever they can reach and pull -
hair, skin, tail, finger, toe... Whatever they can
grab. Eventually the primate is captured and with
his or her arms locked securely behind his or her
back, carried through the air to the ECG board.
The ECG board is a sheet of plexiglass with holes
cut through it. The primate is strapped tightly to
the board with long Velcro strips holding his/her
legs down and a leather-gloved technician holding
his shoulders down.
The techs place a couple or fingers over the
primate's throat - if they struggle, they cut off
their air supply. Many of the monkeys try to turn
their heads to bite the technician's gloved hands
and monkeys are heaved back into their cages by
Blood pressure cuffs are placed around the
primate's thighs. Usually the cuffs don't fit well
and a Velcro strip has to be placed around it to
hold it on. Brian told me we really shouldn't use
the Velcro strips. If the cuffs aren't placed
carefully, the Velcro on them pinch the skin and
Metal clips that pinch so tightly they leave
bruises and red sores are connected to arms, legs,
chest and back.
Cesair carried the primates like prisoners of war
to the ECG board and back to their cages. Several
times (twice on video) he swung them backwards
through the air, then quickly forward, acting like
he was really going to throw them hard into their
cages. When he did release them into the cage he
tossed them to the back so they couldn't turn back
1/4/97 Saturday HLS
Obbed 2484. The rats have nothing to do in their
barren cages but eat the poisoned food and sit on
the cold metal wires.
When I was cleaning, I stopped to look at dog
number 2550F, who was in the exercise cage all
alone. She was doubled over in the cage with her
head pushed up against the cage door. Her front
paws were pressed tightly against the top of her
head and as I watched, she started pawing at her
I opened the cage door to see what was wrong with
her and she almost tumbled out of it because she
was pressing forward so hard with the top of her
head. She managed to sit up a little, but her body
went rigid and her eyes were glassy and distant.
Her tail was hanging rigidly straight down. Her
head started to bob and rock back and forth. She
was having a seizure.
Normally this dog is quite hyper and active. Her
tail wags and she always follows me when I walk
past her cage. When I spoke to her during the
seizure she didn't respond at all. It was as if I
Her body was stiff and her head continued to bob
for about three to four minutes. The whole seizure
from start to finish lasted about five minutes.
Afterwards she seemed normal. I couldn't see
anything different in her personality or
I found Kevin and told him about the seizure. He
looked at the dog and said she seemed fine. I asked
him if I should add it to the daily obs and fill
out a vet request. He told me it wouldn't matter -
she was getting sac'ed tomorrow anyway.
1/11/97 Saturday HLS
In study 3314, almost all of the primates have
severe bruising on their legs from being held
against the rough feeder hole for bloods (photo). I
heard Rachel ask Stephanie if she had seen the way
the monkeys looked after Nick bled them. They both
rolled their eyes and exclaimed over how rough Nick
is with the monkeys when he bleeds them.
1/15/97 Wednesday HLS
Occasionally one or two of the technicians would
repeat the 'war cry' as they drew blood.
One primate was really struggling as he was carried
to the table and restrained. Justin held the monkey
down, with his thumbs over the monkey's throat.
This is a restraining tactic I've seen several of
the technicians use including Justin, Dilip and
Yimmer as it helps control a struggling primate by
restricting his or her air supply) and the
primate's arms pinned back. He leaned close to the
monkey's face and yelled 'Stop it, before I bite
Several of the technicians, including Kathy, Irene,
Brian and Justin had joked throughout the week
about how many monkeys would die as a result of
'lung-shots' - if the naso-gastric tube is
improperly placed in the animal's trachea and lung
instead of their oesophagus and stomach, the animal
receives the test material in the lung and dies
Justin brought it up again during ECG's and went on
to tell me about having a 'platinum club' in the
past. He said I should ask Brian about it, he may
still have the list. If you killed an animal you
were in the club. He said he had the most kills. He
said he killed a dog once - 'It just dropped over
after dosing.' He said he broke a monkey's arm once
and it had to be euthanased.
1/16/97 Thursday HLS
After the primates are injected with ketaset, they
are left in their cages unattended as it takes
affect. They literally drop to the cage floor as
the anaesthetic takes affect. No one has ever
mentioned their safety when they drop nor have I
ever seen anyone try to prevent them from
I saw several primates hanging onto the very top
corner of their cage and fall helplessly to the
bottom when the drug took affect.
Brian propped several of the primates up over the
edge of the cage while he did the tb test. He
walked away from monkey's several times, leaving
them in that position after that the test - half in
and half out of the cage.
The guillotine door was precariously lodged above
them and could have fallen down and injured the
animals at any time. One sedated primate was left
hanging with her throat over the perch bar in her
cage after being weighed and tb tested. Irene
walked by and said, 'Who did that' and unlocked the
cage door. I thought she was going to move the
primate to a safer position, prone on her side as
per SOP but she only removed the lock and re-locked
it on the cage.
No one was concerned that the monkey's air supply
would be cut off. Another primate flailed wildly as
she recovered from anaesthesia. She crawled toward
me and grasped as whatever she could reach to
steady herself. Her eyelid was still bleeding from
the tb test. Primate 2073 was very freaked out
about being strapped down for his ECG.
He tried to turn his head and bite at Yimmer's
leather gloved hands. Kevin came over and shook his
finger in the restrained primate's face and said in
a loud obnoxious voice 'Don't you bite my friend.'
He grabbed the lotion bottle and quickly put lotion
on all the contact points, saying loudly 'Here,
He started to put the lotion down and stopped
himself. He put the open lotion bottle into the
primate's mouth and gave it a squeeze, leaving the
bottle upside down in the monkey's mouth as he
walked away. Dilip removed the bottle a couple of
1/25/97 Saturday HLS
I checked the observation book for 96-3314 and saw
that James has had decreased activity and a hunched
appearance for the last seven days. I went in to
see him at 1he end of the day. Room 958 had been
bled and dosed shortly before I went in.
He was sitting in an upright foetal position with
his head tucked down low. When he heard the door
shut and all the other monkeys shrieking, he showed
his teeth in a submissive, fearful way. I've seen
many of the other primates do that, but never
He glanced at me when I knelt by the cage and then
went back to staring at his feet. He shifted
slightly so he was closer to the feeder hole. I
reached in and stroked his back. He looked into my
eyes and when he saw I could do nothing but stare
back at him, he closed his eyes and curled up
1/26/97 Sunday HLS
During the meeting in the tech room today Kathy
announced that she had seen injuries on every one
of the monkeys in room 958 yesterday - from broken
tails to nearly- severed fingers, all caused from
people handling them improperly during tests and
She said she might not know everything but she had
worked there a long time and she thought she was
pretty damn good at catching monkeys and when she
tried to offer advice to other people trying to
catch monkeys, she didn't appreciate getting
attitude from them.
She said her attitude toward catching monkeys
changed when she broke one of their legs, and she
knew some other people did when they saw tails
lying on the floor. Eleanor spoke up and affirmed
that no one better be pulling on the monkey's tails
when they were trying to catch them because they do
stretch and stretch and will eventually just fall
off. She asked Walter if he remembered how gross
that was the time they had to bleach all those.
Tonight I helped Brian, Yimmer, and Dilip with
ECG's in room 958, study 3314. The primates wince
and jump when the metal alligator clips are pinched
onto their delicate skin and it's obvious by the
way they jump that it hurts if the clip isn't
opened completely when removed. If any hair is
pulled with it they really jump and scream.
Brian pulled all the clips off fast, not taking any
time to ease them off, and told Dilip he was
showing me how I was supposed to be taking them
off. The clips leave marks and bruises on their
skin and sometimes you can see where the clips go
by where the marks are from the last time tl.1ey
had ECG's done.
Dilip was pointing out various cuts and abrasions
on the primates and trying to record them in the ob
book. Brian chastised him for that and waved away
his concern. One of the primates in group five had
such a deep cut in between his toes, it looked like
one of his toes might fall off.
Some of the primates were bleeding from their
mouths after being jammed against the cage door. I
saw one primate had a bloody hole in her mouth
where a tooth used to be.
1/30/97 Thursday HLS
I don't know if the dog jumped or if Henry slammed
his leg in the cage door. Either is a definite
possibility since I've seen Henry on several
occasions slamming cage doors on dogs and grabbing
them by the leg to lift them.
2/8/97 Saturday HLS
One of the group four rats
has red lesions around his eye. There was blood
smeared in the corner of his cage. I obbed it and
told Brian about it. He said he didn't think 'it
was a big deal'.
2/9/97 Sunday HLS
Dilip came into the tech room and told us one of
the extra primates had gotten his hand stuck in the
cage flooring. Rachel asked if he had tried lubing
him. Dilip motioned with his hands the size of the
stuck hand was approximately the size of an orange
and the floor would need to be cut.
Rachel, Dilip and I went to the extra colony and on
the way to the stuck primate's cage, Rachel said,
'That one's stuck, too.' She pointed to another
female primate across the room. Her hand was stuck
midway up her forearm and her hand and forearm were
swollen to twice their normal size.
When I looked at the primate Dilip told us about I
was amazed at what I saw. The primate was face down
against the cage floor. Her entire arm, up to her
armpit, was trapped on the other side of the
I expected her hand to be swollen, but her whole
arm was swollen. It was at least three times its
normal size - it looked even bigger than her leg.
The skin on her hand was shiny from being stretched
so tightly because of the swelling.
Rachel and Dilip tried banging on the cages and
yelling as if that would encourage the monkeys to
get their own arms out. The monkeys screamed and
shrieked in terror and pain, but obviously couldn't
free their arms. Rachel opened the cage doors and
tried pulling and twisting on the primate's arms.
The monkeys continued to scream and cry.
Rachel gave each primate an injection of ketaset
and the cages were moved to the floor. Dilip got
the bolt cutters from the guard station.
The primate who was stuck up to her armpit was
injected first. When she started getting relaxed
they tipped her cage over so she was hanging from
her trapped arm. I reached in and tried to support
the weight of her body so the metal cage wouldn't
cut her arm.
Rachel told me to let go of her. Her arm was so
swollen, Dilip could hardly get the tip of the bolt
cutters in between the arm and the cage. Eventually
they were able to cut apart the cage and free her
arm. The arm was so big they had to cut through two
of the squares of caging before there was a larger
enough opening for the arm to squeeze through.
Her arm was raw from the caging and bruises were
already starting to appear. Dilip told me she
probably been stuck since the night before.
2/12/97 Wednesday HLS
I went to the necropsy room after surgery and
watched Brian and Jim finish the necropsy of one of
the group four primates. The primate was split wide
open in a pool of blood. I could still see her
Al brought in the next primate. He had given the
primate an injection of Xyla-ject. He brought her
in wrapped up like a baby - in a garbage can liner,
with just her head sticking out. They put her on
the wet and bloody necropsy table.
Brian picked up his razor knife and grabbed a
chunk of hair on her upper arm lifting the skin up.
Then he began hacking at the arm. His razor was
dull and he took several swipes before removing a
chunk of flesh the size of a lemon. I was so
shocked I couldn't even ask what he was doing - the
primate was still very much alive!
While Jim approached with sodium pentobarbital,
Brian drummed his fingers on the primate's mouth
making noises. Jim injected the drug into the
primate's very exposed vein while Brian held it
off. I asked if that was the way they always did
it. Brian told me 'Yeah, we're lazy.'
2/13/97 Thursday HLS
Eleanor put a butterfly in his arm and started the
dose, via syringe pump. Within just a few seconds
the dog was yelping and screaming and frantically
trying to get out of the sling - I think his
struggles were involuntary - he was just freaking
out from the test material.
He was biting and snapping. His muzzle and eyes
turned bright red. His face swelled up. His anal
glands let loose. He urinated and defecated. His
breathing was rapid and shallow and then raspy.
Shortly after the dose was administered - over a
two-minute period - the dog appeared to be in a
His eyes were glassy and his head went limp. After
several minutes of this comatose like behaviour he
started to wag his tail slightly. Eventually he was
moved to the floor and deemed good enough to be
returned to his cage.
2/19/97 Wednesday HLS
Al taught me how to bleed a rat via the
retro-orbital sinus. A glass pipette is broken and
the smooth side is inserted into the animal's eye
socket. The rat's eyeball pressed completely into
the socket as the pipette entered. He told me to
twist the glass tube and apply pressure at the same
After pushing the glass tube deep into the eye
socket and twisting three times, I felt something
break and blood came rushing out of the pipette. Al
told me to tip the rat upside down and let the
blood flow out. After the pipette is removed blood
fills the eye cavity and runs down the rat's face.
Al put gauze over the eye and applied pressure. A
few minutes later he killed the rat by cervical
The animal I had to do this on was deeply
anaesthetised with isoflurane, but normally this
procedure is done on animals only lightly
anaesthetised with Co2. Usually animals have this
done when they're 'on-test', often more than just
once, and they're not sac'ed after they have to
suffer with the pain.
2/20/97 Thursday HLS
When Brian tied the dog's catheters off after
dosing, he yanked them so hard the dogs' hind leg,
where the catheter is attached to the inner muscle
layer with stitches, literally was jerked up and
off the table. Irene admonished him for pulling so
hard and for pulling it out so far before tying it
and dropping it back in.
The cut and knotted tubing is contaminated by the
tech's hands and put back under the dog's skin.
Once I saw a huge chunk of hair stuck to the tubing
as it was jammed back under the dog's skin. When
Brian tied the dog's catheters off after dosing, he
yanked them so hard the dogs' hind leg, where the
catheter is attached to the inner muscle layer with
stitches, literally was jerked up and off the
Irene admonished him for pulling so hard and for
pulling it out so far before tying it and dropping
it back in. The cut and knotted tubing is
contaminated by the tech's hands and put back under
the dog's skin. Once I saw a huge chunk of hair
stuck to the tubing as it was jammed back under the
3/9/97 Sunday HLS
I watched Rachel, Stephanie and Lisa IV dose group
eight dogs in study 3337. There are eight dogs in
group eight. They are brought in three at a time,
and then two, into an empty room and tied into
slings. All four of the dog's legs are strapped
securely to the cart the sling is hung on.
A needle is inserted into one leg and the dose is
administered with a syringe pump for ten minutes.
The dogs vocalize, salivate, turn red, bite at the
cart and eventually slump over - completely out of
In study 3323 Lynn dosed and I held. Kevin came in
to help us dose 4219. Lynn had asked him beforehand
because she knew we'd have problems getting the
tube in his throat. She told me she walked by the
room on Friday and every tech in the place was in
the room dosing him.
She said there were like ten people holding him
down. She told me just as Rachel had, 'Someone
must've done something to him because he's really
hard to dose and the dogs in this room are really
good about it.' Kevin tried holding the dog while
Lynn dosed, the dog struggled and screamed and
After a lot of rough struggling, they switched
places. Lynn and I tried holding him while Kevin
dosed. Again there was a lot of struggling and
eventually the dog made Kevin mad and he grabbed
the dog's face and twisted his head around toward
him. There is video of this and clearly Kevin lost
his temper and used far more force than was
necessary just to get back at the scared dog.
3/11/97 Tuesday HLS
I helped Kevin, Dilip, and Yimmer with ECG's in
3314. The ECG's are supposed to be done four hours
after dosing, with only 5 minutes per ECG. Kevin
was all stressed out about the time factor and kept
screaming 'We should be able to do an ECG in three
minutes! Come on! Faster!! Faster!!'
He kept telling Dilip to catch them faster. He kept
hollering out to strap them down faster and clip
them faster. He was so hyper and loud the primates
were all upset and fought more than usual. While
Kevin was holding one primate - pinned to the ECG
board, he bent down low, right in the primate's
face and screamed something about biting him in the
face if he didn't stop it and cursed at him (see
video for verbatim).
After Kevin was done threatening the scared monkey
Dilip pointed out the primate's testicles had
retracted way up into his stomach area. They were
not visible except for a slight bulge through his
abdominal wall. After we had done ECG's on several
monkeys and Kevin was getting louder and meaner
with each minute, I finally asked him to please
I told him he was stressing me out and making me
very nervous. Earlier I had mentioned having a calm
atmosphere for the monkeys to get accurate test
results but that request had only succeeded in
making Kevin louder and rougher with the primates.
I had to emphasize how nervous his behaviour was
making me several times and finally told him the
louder he was and the more overbearing he was, the
slower I would go because he was just really
stressing me out and I couldn't take it.
After my 'threat' to go slower and slower he
finally stopped yelling at us to hurry. Our ECG's
were only running a few minutes behind - just like
all the other times I've helped with them and there
was no reason for us to be so rushed and to scare
the monkeys more than they already are.
When we got to the group four monkeys Kevin
switched with Dilip and started catching monkeys
while Dilip held. He said he had to get us 'caught
up' with the schedule and didn't give the monkeys
any chance to resist when he started catching. He
would bang the false back of the cage to the front
of the cage quickly and very hard.
The primates were jammed in the small space in
whatever position they landed in. This is in total
disregard or Eleanor's memo to go slow and talk
gently to them.
3/12/97 Wednesday HLS
Later, Brian came in the prep room and asked me who
had intubated that dog. I told him and asked why.
He said the tube was filled with blood and he
wasn't very happy about it. When I saw the tube I
couldn't believe how much bright red blood had
filled the last three inches of it.
When she woke up in the cold room later, I felt
sorry for her waking up with incisions in her back
and inner thigh, sores and cuts on her front legs
from the countless abo-cath punctures, and a sore
throat from improper intubation, connected to a
foreign box by a loud metal tube attached to and
wrapped around her body, dressed in a confining,
uncomfortable jacket with a large foam collar
around her neck.
The misery these animals have to endure is
unthinkable. What they go through, being relatively
healthy and whole one minute and an hour or so
later waking up in a confusing world of pain.
Animals who have femoral catheters implanted at
Huntingdon Life Sciences in East Millstone receive
no post surgical analgesics even though they
exhibit obvious signs of pain e.g., shivering,
vocalization, abnormal breathing patterns, excess
salivation (even though they're routinely given
atropine), Splinting, tail between the legs,
Cesair was trying to get a hold of one primate who
Dilip was holding on the door. The primate
struggled and turned on Cesair who then slapped him
saying 'He is a bad monkey, he needs to be
I helped Dilip, Kevin and Yimmer bleed pigs. Kevin
grabbed them by the leg and swung them out of their
cages through the air. Instead of carrying the pigs
he sometimes holds their hind legs and makes them
walk on just their front legs. Sometimes he drags
them across the floor on their face.
The six pigs all screamed loudly when they were
flipped upside down in the bleeding trough and
stuck with the needle. They have been having
pharmacokinetic bloods done and they had been bled
several times over the last day 'and a half.
3/13/97 Thursday HLS
Terry and Lynn X-rayed a dog from study 3327. I
'asked what was wrong and Terry said sarcastically
that's what I'm trying to find out. Terry read the
x-ray and said what a, sweet irony - it's a clean
break in the exact same place in the exact same leg
that we need for the bone study. She and Lynn both
laughed. Terry wrapped the dog's leg in a metal
3/20/97 Thursday HLS
Brian, Irene and I bled dogs in 3623. When Irene
and I tried to bleed dog number 2750 she struggled
so much I couldn't begin to hold her still. She
yelped and cried whenever the needle got close to
Irene had Brian hold the puppy down when he came in
and she tried to bleed her. The dog W3S so afraid
she urinated before Irene got enough blood. Brian's
shirt was soaked with urine and he was furious. He
picked the dog up by the skin on her back and by
the collar and threw her roughly down oil the sling
He tied her into the sling, pulling the ropes
around her legs extremely taut in his anger. He
obtained the blood sample from her leg cursing at
her the whole time. A tour came by and peered in
the window at Brian as he bled the dog. Irene tried
to tell him but he just ignored her.
3/22/97 Saturday HLS
James was all hunched over near the feeder hole
when I went in to see him. He reached out for me
right away when I knelt in front of him, then he
quickly hunched over again. I don't know if he's
sick and is uncomfortable in any other position or
if he's just miserable. He let me rub his back and
stroke his head for a while but he wouldn't take
the treat I offered him.
3/26/97 Wednesday HLS
I saw Rodney come in to get dog number 8211, she is
extremely fearful arid always hides face first in
the back corner of her cage when the door is
opened. I usually have to stand on the rack of the
cage below so I'm able to reach her scruff to drag
When Rodney grabbed her he grabbed a handful of
skin on her side and dragged her forward sideways,
even lifting her out of the cage by the skin on her
side. He's no taller than I am and it looked like
whatever he could reach he grabbed.
I picked the rat up later in the day and saw she
had a one to one and a half inch open wound (the
whole length of the surgery site) open down to past
the muscle layer. It's raw and bloody looking with
pus apparent way down in the opening. A piece of
plastic tubing is visible with a couple of inches
hanging out of the wound.
A few hours after the bloods were done I noticed
rat 4001's right eye was protruding from her head
and was so blood-filled and scabbed over it looked
black. The area is swollen and the eye is about
twice the size of his other eye. He sits at the
back of his cage with his head tipped to the side,
leaning his sore eye into the side of the cage.
Irene told me 'That happens sometimes, quite often
actually, but usually not when Al does it.' She
said because rats' eyes protrude, they dry out
quickly. She said the rat's eye would dry up and
fall out soon and we'd probably see it lying on the
The dogs in study 3337 were killed yesterday and
today. The hall was filled with the smell of
formaldehyde. I saw James - from necropsy, take a
live puppy into the necropsy room where four tables
were being used. He plopped the dog on a table
right across from another table where a woman was
using a big power saw to cut up the head of a
mutilated dead beagle.
Behind James, another man shoved the bloody remains
of another puppy into a garbage bag. I think they
should euphonise the dogs in a quiet room away from
the sight of already mutilated dogs.
Rodney told me while he worked at his other job, he
sent his girlfriend a set of dog's eyes with a note
that said 'I only have eyes for YOU.' Then he told
me he later sent her a dog's heart with a note that
said 'My heart belongs to you.'
3/27/96 Thursday HLS
I watched a necropsy from the window. A puppy from
3335 was completely cut open from neck to groin,
his ribcage exposed. I saw the dog throw his head
back and howl.
I thought it was just a final muscle convulsion
after euthanasia, but then I saw the dog throw his
head back writhing from side to side still
vocalizing. The last writhing head throw happened
when the person doing the necropsy sliced through
the dog's leg muscles.
Irene told me they used to give the monkeys Ketaset
and then slice them open all across their chest and
neck to find the vein so they could exsanguinate
them. She said they had to start giving them
something else because basically the monkeys were
awake they were just completely paralysed - they
knew what was going on they just couldn't move.
Cardio had practice rat surgeries today. Brian went
to the table where Irene was implanting a femoral
catheter in a rat. He picked up a scissor in one
hand and one of the rat's legs in the other and
said, 'I think I'll cut his foot off.'
He started to close the scissors when Irene
screamed, 'Brian! Don't you dare!' Brian laughed
and said, 'You know I'd do it.' He didn't drop the
rat's leg. Irene said, 'I worry about you having
children.' Brian looked puzzled and asked her
Irene said again she really worried about him
having children and said she hears about people
like him all the time. After that Brian dropped the
rat's leg and walked away saying 'It's just a rat.
No matter what PETA wants us to think, it's just a
rat. It's not a dog or a goat or a boy...'.
Al came in to check on the surgeries and saw Brian
cutting his rat's heart out. Brian always cuts the
rats wide open when he's done practicing and digs
around until he finds the heart. He cuts it out and
puts it the operating table several inches away
from the rat. The heart continues to beat for
several minutes as Brian pokes and prods and it and
If anyone rolls their eyes or says anything about
it Brian always says very proudl, 'I'll never have
nightmares about putting a still-alive rat in the
freezer. I know they're dead when I get done with
them - this is the only way to really be sure.' Al
gave Brian a half- hearted admonishment and I said
at least the rat still has four feet to alert Al,
who is higher up than Brian, about what Brian had
intended to do earlier.
Brian said 'Oh! That's right! I was going to cut
his foot off.' He picked up a scissors in one hand
and the rat's foot in the other and just before he
could close the scissor Al said 'Brian!!' and
stopped him. Brian giggled like a bad schoolboy
caught chewing gum. Nothing else was ever said
Rodney wrapped the rat in a paper towel saying he
didn't like to look and put her in a plastic bag.
Then he pulled her head one way and her body the
other. He didn't spend more than a few seconds
pulling at her. As he put the bag down I asked if
he knew if she was dead - how did he know for
He nodded knowingly and said, 'She's dead.' About
twenty minutes later I saw the rat trying clumsily
to crawl out of the plastic bag. I screamed for
Rodney to come and look at the rat he had killed -
she was still alive. He left the rat he was
operating on open on the table and as he walked
across the room said, 'No, she can't be.'
Putting her back in the plastic bag he grabbed her
head in one hand and one leg in the other and
pulled and twisted. Then he put some isoflurane on
a paper towel and dropped it in the bag before
tying it shut. Again, he didn't look for any vital
signs before putting the rat down and assuming she
4/1/97 Tuesday HLS
I went in to pick up my check and asked Irene and
Yao if the rat's eye in 3621 had fallen out. Irene
said not yet. Yao said right away 'Rat number
4001', everyone knows what rat it is and no one is
doing anything for him. I asked if a vet request
had been put in. Irene said no and that she hadn't
even been recording it and shrugged.
She said they never even record eye injuries from
bleeding because they happen all the time and the
rats live. I asked Irene the day I discovered if
the rat shouldn't be euthanased and I asked Brian
on Sunday if we shouldn't euthanase him. They both
said no like it were a strange thing to ask
4/12/97 Saturday HLS
Theresa told me about the first time she went in to
clean the pigs, the new hairless pigs, just this
week. She asked me if I'd seen them today, laughed
and told me they were all beat up, that she'd
really killed them when she cleaned. She said no
one had told her they'd never been handled and she
didn't know how to clean the cages.
She said she didn't know you weren't supposed to
let them out of their cages and when she tried to
catch them to get them back in they each freaked
out and had run blindly into walls and cages
getting all scraped up and cut. She said one has a
swollen face and anther has a big cut on his face,
the other one has all kinds of scratches all
She said afterwards she told Rachel about it and
Rachel took her in and showed her how to work with
them. I looked through the window at the pigs and
even from outside the room I could see the cuts on
two of the little pigs and the swelling on the
darker one's face.
4/13/97 Sunday HLS
When I went in to see James today he stared into my
eyes and then down at his feet as I told him
goodbye. Most of the monkeys in 3314, including
James, will be killed on Thursday and Friday this
week. They're scheduled for all kinds of blood work
and ECG's as the study winds up and I told him I
may not be able to see him again.
When I told him this he came to the centre of the
door and pressed his whole face against the cage
staring at me. I stroked his cheek and whispered
goodbye and as I stood up and he moved back to his
foetal position, it occurred to me, too late, that
he was pressing his face forward for a kiss.
4/16/97 Wednesday HLS
The rat on the right side of the table was
continually waking up and the anaesthesia adjusted
as the rat was held down. While we waited for a
replacement pump and for Mike Toth to come in and
replace it, Lisa had to physically hold Rodney's
The rat was sitting upright on the table, his hind
feet taped down his tail swinging wildly as he
tried to escape. His abdomen was cut wide open
exposing internal organs. Rodney continued to
operate while Mike worked.
Gene says we'll use a primate from the extra colony
for practice on Friday. He told us 'There's a
monkey Terry wants euthanased because he's sick so
we'll save him until Friday so we can hack him up a
I made myself go in and talk to James one last
time. I didn't want to - I walked by all the empty
cages with their doors hanging open in the next
room, the former occupants now in bloody bags in
the freezer down the hall. My little friend looked
at me and stretched out so I could rub his stomach
one last time and quickly slouched over into his
foetal position when I said good-bye.
4/26/97 Saturday HLS
Todd also talked to me about the dogs in study 3282
and what's in store for them in a few weeks. [The
dogs' front leg will be broken and put in a
splint]. He talked about how bad they'd be to work
with after that, saying, 'They're bad enough now,
can you imagine what they'll be like after
Then he said 'They should just break all of their
legs so they'll be easier to work with.' He joked
about how great it would be to move them from to
cage to cage if all of their legs were broken.
5/7/97 Wednesday HLS
All of the puppies jumped and pulled back when the
tag was put on, some of them screamed. Because
they're attached to the tethers and have jackets
and foam collars on, the dogs can't even shake
their heads after the ear-tag is pushed
They can't rub their sore ear with a foot or shake
the pain away. All they can do is jump wildly in a
tangled circle as the pain burns through.
Yao tried to yank the stemmed part of the tag back
out through the hole in the dog' ear. The dog
screamed in pain -the wide plug on the end of the
tag is broader at the bottom and there's no way it
could humanely go back through the hole in the
Yao continued to pull at it and I had to push his
hand out of the way so I could cut the tag off and
try again. A couple of times, I could feel wet drop
hitting my arms from the blood and tissue as the
tag cut through the ear.
5/8/97 Thursday HLS
I saw Nick, Kevin, Walter and Stephanie in the
hallway holding a puppy down on a cart. The puppy's
head was turned toward the wall and the technicians
were gathered around her hind end. I had read a
draft protocol of an upcoming vaginal study and
feared the worst when I stopped to watch what they
Kevin was using a butterfly needle to obtain blood
samples from the puppy?s back leg. He was having
trouble obtaining enough blood. Walter and
Stephanie told me its part of the protocol to
obtain blood this way. The sponsor claims they have
a technician who can draw blood from the back leg
using a butterfly and she can do it alone without
taking the dog from the cage.
When Kevin tried twice to get blood and couldn't
get enough of a sample Stephanie and Walter told
him to give up and he replied in a stupid voice, 'I
will never give up...' and reached for another spaz
tube. Stephanie told me it's her study and they
require TK bloods at several intervals and they're
using the butterflies so the vein won't collapse
before they're through.
Several times the dog got squirmy and tried to pull
away. I had to keep moving in close to help hold
the dog's head and distract him by rubbing his
ears. Nick could have easily reached out a hand to
help comfort the dog but he was oblivious to the
puppy's discomfort and fear.
He stayed motionless, staring as Kevin jabbed and
poked. At one point when the guys were fumbling
around poking at the dog's leg and wondering what
they should try next Stephanie grabbed the dog's
head roughly with both hands and said, 'I know.
They don't know what they're doing.' The puppy was
so very startled he pulled back from her and looked
wide-eyed at me.
All I could think about was, I'm relieved they
aren't practicing a vaginal dose on this poor
vulnerable puppy. The fact these poor animals are
held down and subjected to what ever horror the
protocol calls for is bad enough but to see several
inept people gathered around to practice on a
completely helpless victim is unbearable.